[imText1]More experts push for “effective pressure” along with diplomatic talks in order to lead North Korea’s substantial change.
Yu Ho Yeol, a Korea University professor, said in “North Korean Nuclear Crisis Conference” sponsored by Citizens United for Better Society, a South Korean NGO, that to settle the crisis there must be both negotiation and pressure simultaneously while focusing on “effective pressure” to lead North Korea into a practical change at this point. “Effective pressure,” He argued “will compel North Korea to be inevitable to give up nuclear weapons.”
Professor Yu added “North Korea must be given an unbearable amount of pressure (from the international community) to force it to completely renounce the nuclear program.”
Ironically, as the Pyongyang regime launched missiles and detonated nuclear bomb, the international society is now legitimate and united to coerce North Korea to change, Yu continued.
Therefore, professor Yu concluded, instead of the Sunshine Policy, an alternative North Korean strategy to establish peace in the Korean Peninsula and to derive genuine reformation from Pyongyang is required.
Other North Korean specialists in the conference suggested that the country would endeavor to transform the nature of the forthcoming multilateral negotiations and would never forsake its nuclear warheads.
The Daily NK’s chief editor, Sohn Kawng Joo, pointed that even if the United States decided to revoke financial sanctions North Korea would not give up the nuclear weapons voluntarily. “North Korean regime’s fundamental purpose is to abolish ROK-US alliance and to expel the American forces from the peninsula,” Sohn emphasized.
Sohn also expected North Korea “would demand the six-party talks to be a mutual disarmament negotiation between the US and itself.”
“Kim Jong Il might test another set of nuclear bombs if the talks do not satisfy his intention,” Sohn warned.
Another panelist, Jeon Sung Hoon, a senior researcher of the Institute of Unification, expected Washington to be ambidextrous, using sanctions and negotiations flexibly. Although the Democrats gained control of both the Senate and the House, American policy on North Korea would not change essentially because of prevalent distrust against Pyongyang among the Democrats, Jeon analyzed.