Fukuyama “North Korean Issue Can Only Be Solved With Change to the Regime”

[imText1]Internationally distinguished scholar and author of “The End of History and the Last Man”, Professor Francis Fukuyama of Johns Hopkins University said that the only realistic way to solve the North Korea issue is with change to the regime.

At a lecture on the 8th at Seoul University Graduate School of International Studies, Professor Fukuyama spoke on the topic “Post Bush’s doctrine & U.S. foreign policy” proposing that to solve the North Korean issue “There are 3 different cases which could lead to change in the regime, such as militaristic strategies, international resolutions and a revolt.”

He said, “Militaristic action will only make the situation worse though international resolutions would not be easy, as no specific whips or policies have been proposed. Hence, the most realistic proposal is the collapse of the regime through a revolt” and prospected, “However, a change in the regime through a revolt will not arise easily in comparison to the European bloc as the North Korean society is so closed.”

In an interview with “Zeitgeist”, a quarterly magazine, last year November, Professor Fukuyama said regarding a non-violent peace strategy to end the Kim Jong Il regime “This will be possible if there is a dissolution within the controlling group or if there is a secret weapon that can maintain the ruling power.”

Furthermore, he suggested, “In order to prepare for the sudden collapse of North Korea or a change in Northeast Asia, another structure needs to be formed based on 5 member countries of the 6 Party Talks excluding China and North Korea.”

Professor Fukuyama critiqued the current Roh Moo Hyun administration on its North Korea policy and added “Like West and East Germany sharing TV broadcasts, the Sunshine Policy will be able to incite change in North Korea only when it accelerates its progress and exchange.”

He said “The current Nonproliferation Treaty is based on a time in 1968 where there were only 5 countries in possession of nuclear weapons. Without a new policy and system that will thoroughly manage the nuclear issue, the world will be confronted with a big disaster.”

Regarding the Bush Administration’s foreign policy, Professor Fukuyama said, “In the past few years, the Bush Administration foreign policy of war in Iraq and nonproliferation treaty have all failed” and “In particular, though the U.S. anticipated that terrorism would disappear once Iraq had become a democracy, rather it has only invoked an extreme rightist Islam community and terrorism as well as anti-U.S. movements.”

In response to the upcoming election, he said, “The media will greatly reflect the criticism within the U.S. against Bush” and predicted “Even though the media may portray anti-Bush campaigns, as there is no other proposal to supplement Bush’s foreign policy within the Democratic party and so the issue of U.S. foreign policy continues.”